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Why Pacceka Buddha do not preach?

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Why Pacceka Buddha do not preach?
There are various reasons why Pacceka Buddha do not preach. And the most important reason is Pacceka Buddha he has engaged with calm and solitary life. But according to the Sadhammapundarika Sutta mentioned that Pacceka Buddha could not preach what he realized because he lack of upakusala that is why he cannot preach. The Buddha also talks about his doctrine due to this upakualsala. Upakualsalas is important because it has something to do paramathascca (the absolute) so our language is convention. To express our ideas we use conventional words, for that someone needs to have the Upaualsala. Due to lack of Upakualsala, therefore he could not preach the doctrine.
This is the theory that Sadhammapundri has put forward. Infect, in the Lankavadara sutta also mentioned that this conventional truth has been used by the Buddha in order to make people understood.
The Buddha has created the words like Sunyata, Alaya Vinnana etc, these words he has invented in order to get rid of the fear of ordinary people when the Buddha was talking about the Anatta (impermanent).
In the Alagadhupama sutta of Majjhima Nikaya it has been said that when the Buddha was preaching the doctrine of Anatta and some people are cried, their bitting to their chest because they feel that the Buddha is no more and he is not going to be born again. The people think that their life is useless. In the same way, the Lankavadara Sutta says the words like, Synyata, Tathagattagabha, Nirvana etc were created by the Buddha him self in order to put away the fear of ordinary people.
So the Buddha could have taught the Dharma like that because he was ready with all these things to preach the doctrine.
The Pacceka Buddha does not have this technique so that is why he could not preach the doctrine. The Mahayanist they says that Pacceka Buddha is lack of skillfulness (upakualsala) that was the reasoned that he could not preach. Another reason is he has no opportunity to preach while he led solitary life.
In the Ariyapariyesana sutta of Majjhimanikaya says that the Buddha had mentioned that ‘Patisoti gami nipulan dutthasam anu” Dharma is so profound, very subtle, and difficult of see. When he was thinking with the doctrine that he has realized he was a little bit hesitated to preach the Dharma. He thought as the people has different capacity of understanding, so it might be not easy for them to grasp the dharma easily. Finally he thought that there are some people who are less defilement they would understand the doctrine then he found out the way to preach. These ways of preaching does not find in Pacceka Buddha. Therefore Pacceka Buddha cannot teach the doctrine.
Mahayanists they had talked on the Upakualsala of the Buddha and the Buddha need to have this Upkualsala (skillull) in teachings, and even the Bodhisatta also should have the Upakualsala in order to realized or gained the Buddhhood. It is somehow true because of these reasons that pacceka Buddha could not preach. But instead, the Buddha had found various ways to preach the doctrine. It has a philosophical ideas and especially how to put into the mind of people because he always talk about how to get rid of defilements. So he needs to have Skillfullness to teach and make them know the doctrine.
The best example here is that sometimes when they asked something he did not really replied to them, and sometimes he replied to once. Some questions if the Buddha says “yes” then they might think of different ways. So he neither says “Yes” nor “No”.
On the other hand, Buddha really wanted to preach his doctrine to the disciples in order to argue with the others sects. From the beginning the Buddha said that he should preach the doctrine so that his disciples should be having good knowledge in order to argue with the others. Then the Buddha preached to them.
In the Majjhima Nikaya the Buddha told that if you meet any people or person who says that Vedana is Atman then he must ask the questions from him “how many Vedanas and he has to give only one reason.
There are three kinds of Vedanas, there are:
  1. Sukkha (Happiness)
  2. Dukkha (Suffering)
  3. Neither happiness nor Suffering (nutral)
Then he must asked when you have happiness at that time did you have suffering or neither suffering nor happiness? When he asked that question he has to reply “No” because normally when people have happiness they do not have suffering or neither suffering nor happiness. We all know that we cannot have three or two kinds of feeling spontaneously. So there is no doubt that feeling (Vedana) is changed, and if everything is impermanent that is suffering.
There are various examples of the Buddha instructions given to his disciples in order to argue with others.
When someone came to argued with the Buddha so that Buddha asked some kinds of a questions then for that questions the answers he gives is really different from his point of views, and the Buddha further said that what you said earlier is different from this one, you must remember also. Sometimes we find some verses like this in the Buddha’s argument.
The pacceka Buddha did not have a kind of Upakualsala (skillfulness) to preach like the buddha at all. Therefore they are unable to preach the doctrine to the people. In the Sadhammapundari Sutta says that the doctrine of the Budddha really a device to those who has the attention towards Nibbana.
There are three kinds of Yana, they are:
  1. Sravaka yana
  2. Pacceka Buddha yana
  3. Bodhisatta yana.
But Sadhammapudari Sutta says there is only one Yana that is Bodhisattva Yana or Mahyana Yana, but because of Upakualsala of the Buddha, he has shown in three ways in order to get the attraction from all the kinds of people. In the world people do not have the same characters. Everybody does not like the same thing, they have different kinds of living. So the Buddha gave three ways of Yanas in order to get the attraction from the other people. If he given only one yana then some people may left out because they do not have similar ideas, and some of them do not like to do very difficult things, and others like to do easy things and some of them want to handle with both things, either not too easy and not too difficult. According to these things the Buddha divided into three yanas therefore in this way all the people in this world get attraction in the doctrine.
But in reality there is only one Yana. If it has only one Yana and he has shown in three ways then he is going to a lier? Why he shows in three ways, and what was the reason behind this? It is obviously stated that he was not a lier because just to attract the intention of the people only in order to get rid of the defilements of the people. The simile given here is that, a beautiful house is burning and children are still playing inside the house and the father thought that soon the house will be demolished by the fire and all the children will die, somehow or other he thought of getting children out from the fire. Finally he brought a very beautiful toy and he has mentioned all the toy’s names and called the children to come to select them like bull card, war card etc. when they were survived. So this is the best example given in the Sadhammapundari Sutta.
Teaching is some kinds of miracle. In the Kevadadha Sutta of Dhigha Nikaya mentioned by the Buddha himself. There are kinds of miracals
  1. Iddhi patiharaya (walking on the air, water etc)
  2. Adisana patiharaya (reading other’s mind)
  3. Anusasana patiharaya (teaching or explaining)
The last one Anusasana appreciated and accepted by the Buddha. So there is no doubt the Buddha was so skillfull with the teachings while Pacceka Buddha do not have that kinds of skillfulness to preach.

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